Torture and Iraq
- March 2003, Stephen Cambone is made Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence.
- Summer 2003, Stephen Cambone almost certainly with Rumsfeld’s blessing sends Lt. General William G. (Jerry) Boykin to Guantanamo to see Major General Miller about prisons in Iraq. Boykin a born again Christian gained a reputation for his anti-Islamic remarks. He is currently the Deputy Undersecretary for Intelligence at the DOD.
- Aug. 31-Sept. 9, 2003, Miller goes to Iraq and Abu Ghraib where he recommends that prisons become part of the intelligence gathering process. Per Brig. General Janis Karpinski commandant of Abu Ghraib, Miller pushes to gitmo-ize the prison. Miller later denies this.
- October-December 2003, period of torture and abuse at Abu Ghraib.
- November 4, 2003, Manadel al-Jamadi, an Iraqi, is murdered during interrogation by the CIA at Abu Ghraib. Navy SEALs led by Lieutenant Andrew Ledford arrested Jamadi and beat him so badly that he suffered multiple rib fractures. The CIA interrogator Mark Swanner then had him hung in a stress position that, with his breathing capacity already diminished by his broken ribs, caused him to asphyxiate. After his death, soldiers take pictures celebrating over his corpse.
- January 13, 2004, Army Spec. Joseph M. Darby, an MP with the 800th at Abu Ghraib, leaves a disc with photographs of prisoner abuse on the bed of a military investigator.
- February 26, 2004, Major General Antonio Taguba issues a classified report on the abuse at Abu Ghraib.
- April 28, 2004, Sixty Minutes II airs the photos after a 2 week delay, setting off an international firestorm.
- April 30, 2004, Seymour Hersh’s New Yorker article on Abu Ghraib appears online; Major General Geoffrey Miller is picked to replace Janis Karpinski and oversee detainee operations in Iraq.
- Early May 2004, the Taguba report is leaked.
- May 6, 2004, Taguba meets with Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld who professes ignorance of his report, asks whether torture occurred, and claims not to have seen the photos from Abu Ghraib although 4 months have passed from the initial report and more than 2 months from the in house release of Taguba’s report.
- May 7, 2004, Rumsfeld testifies before the Senate and professes surprise and ignorance of events at Abu Ghraib. He does name Joseph Darby for the first time as the one who notified authorities about the abuse. Darby subsequently received death threats and he and his family had to enter protective military custody.
- July 20, 2007, in accordance with the Military Commissions Act, Bush signs an Executive order allowing the CIA to engage in aggressive interrogation techniques but without specifying what they are claims that these will not amount to torture.
- September 14, 2007, it is reported that CIA director Michael Hayden banned the use of waterboarding by CIA interrogators sometime in 2006.
The aftermath: Despite numerous reports, no attempt was made to investigate up the military chain of command or the civilian political leadership of the Pentagon and the White House. So far, about a dozen enlistees have been convicted of various Abu Ghraib related offenses. One special forces officer Lieutenant Colonel Steven Jordan is facing charges. Colonel Thomas Pappas who ran the intelligence section where the abuses occurred received a reprimand. Brigadier General Janis Karpinski was demoted and some of her underlings were also reprimanded. Lieutenant General Ricardo Sanchez the military commander in Iraq retires without his extra star. And, of course, Major General Antonio Taguba who did his duty in a professional manner was forced to retire as of January 1, 2007, no sir, can’t have people behaving like that in this Administration.